The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project has been tasked by the European Commission to prepare the development of a European capacity to monitor anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions has to come with a sufficiently low uncertainty in order to be useful for policymakers. In this context, the main approaches to estimate fossil fuel emissions, apart from bottom-up inventories, are based on inverse transport modelling either on its own or within a coupled carbon cycle fossil fuel data assimilation system. Both approaches make use of atmospheric CO2 and other tracers (e.g., CO and NOx) and rely on the availability of prior fossil fuel CO2 emission estimates and uncertainties (as well as biogenic fluxes for the transport inverse modelling). For a robust estimate of the uncertainty, information from different sources needs to be brought together.
A methodology to calculate CO2 emission uncertainties based on IPCC guidelines has been developed. Emission uncertainties are calculated for all world countries, under the assumption of two categories of world countries, depending on whether the country's statistical infrastructure is well or less developed. For well-developed statistical infrastructure, emission uncertainties are lower, while less developed statistical infrastructure countries have higher emission uncertainties. A sensitivity analysis is investigating the impact of the well or less developed infrastructure assumption for China, India, and Russia on the global emission uncertainty. Sensitivity experiments with different anthropogenic CO2 sources distributions will be presented.